A language of India

Alternate Names
Garrow, Mandi

1,150,000 in India (2011 census). Total users in all countries: 1,270,000.


Assam state: Goalpara, Kamrup, and Karbi Anglong districts; Meghalaya state: Garo Hills district; Nagaland state: Kohima district; Tripura state: south Tripura district, Udaipur sub-district; north Tripura district, Kailasahar and Kamalpur sub-districts; west Tripura district, Sadar sub-district; West Bengal state: Jalpaiguri and Koch Bihar districts.

Language Status

2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Meghalaya State (1950, Constitution, Articles 347), unscheduled language.


A’beng (A’bengya, Am’beng), A’chick (A’chik, A’we, Chisak, Dual, Matchi), Dacca, Ganching, Kamrup. A’chick is the standardized dialect in India. A’beng dialect used in Bangladesh, but is not mutually intelligible. Reportedly most similar to Koch [kdq].


SOV; postpositions; case-marking (9 cases); numeral classifiers; tense markers; 16 consonant and 5 vowels; non-tonal.

Language Use

Awe dialect, spoken in Assam, has few remaining speakers. Most use standard Garo. Used as L2 by Atong [aot], Hajong [haj], Koch [kdq], Lyngngam [lyg], Rabha [rah], Ruga [ruh].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 55% for Meghalaya (2001 census). General level of education is low compared to Khasi [kha]. Taught in primary schools. Literature. Radio. Videos. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1924–1994.


Bengali (Bangla) script [Beng]. Braille script [Brai], used since 1998. Latin script [Latn].

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