Aché

Print

A language of Paraguay

Alternate Names
Ache-Guayaki, Axe, “Guaiaqui” (pej.), “Guayakí” (pej.), “Guoyagui” (pej.)
Population

1,000 (2006 census). No monolinguals. Ethnic population: 1,420.

Location

Alto Parana department: Narranja and Iruno districts; Caaguazú, Guairá, and Paraguari departments: Colonel Oviedo to Colonel Villaricca, Lake Del Rio Yguazu area; dialects: Chupa Pou, Kontuwy, Kontuwywe, Arroyo Bandera, Cerro Moroti, Puerto Barra, Ypetimi.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Ache gatu, Ache wa, Ñacunday River Ache (“Ache irollä” (pej.)), Ache purä. 3 dialects remaining, Ache purä is dormant. High intelligibility between Ache gatu and Ache wa, only Ñancunday River Ache’s intelligibility is low for the other two dialects.

Typology

SOV; postpositions; noun head initial; content q-word initial; clause constituents indicated by word order; both tense and aspect; passives; nontonal; 15 consonant and 12 vowel phonemes.

Language Use

Home, friends; mixed use: Religion. All ages. Positive attitudes. Most also use Paraguayan Guaraní [gug]. Some also use Spanish [spa].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 20%. Literacy rate in L2: 80% in Guaraní [gug]. Taught in primary schools. Poetry. New media. Radio programs. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1978–2007. Agency: Kuatia Ñe’e.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.