A language of Ghana

Alternate Names
Frafra, Gurene, Gurenne, Gurune, Nankani, Ninkare, Talensi
Farefare, Ninkarsé

L1 users: 638,000 (2013 UNSD), increasing. 588,000 Gur and Nankansi, 49,200 Namnam (2013 UNSD). Total users in all countries: 663,100.


Upper East region: Bolgatanga municipal district, Frafra area, west to Navrongo.

Language Maps
Language Status

2 (Provincial). De facto provincial language in Upper East Region.


Gurune (Gudeni, Gudenne, Gurenne, Zuadeni), Nankani (Naani, Nankanse), Booni, Talni (Taleni, Talensi), Nabt (Nabdam, Nabde, Nabdem, Nabdug, Nabit, Nabnam, Nabrug, Nabte, Namnam, Nangodi). 5 major dialects and many minor ones. Dialects are divided according to geography and ethnic sub-boundaries. Some named after towns or localities. Consider Southern Dagaare [dga] in particular a sister language.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Also use English [eng]. Used as L2 by Mampruli [maw].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 5%–15%. Taught in primary and secondary schools. Literature. Radio. Videos. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. Bible: 2008.

Latin script [Latn], used since 1975.

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

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