A language of Ghana

Alternate Names
Frafra, Gurene, Gurenne, Gurune
Farefare, Gurenɛ

638,000 in Ghana (2013 UNSD), increasing. 588,000 Gur and Nankansi, 49,200 Namnam (2013 UNSD). Total users in all countries: 663,100.


Upper East region: Bolgatanga municipal district, Frafra area, west to Navrongo.

Language Maps
Language Status

2 (Provincial). De facto provincial language in Upper East Region.


Gurenne (Gudeni, Gudenne, Gurune, Zuadeni), Nankani (Naani, Nankanse, Ninkare), Booni, Talni (Taleni, Talensi), Nabt (Nabdam, Nabde, Nabdem, Nabdug, Nabit, Nabnam, Nabrug, Nabte, Namnam, Nangodi). 5 major dialects and many minor ones. Dialects are divided according to geography and ethnic sub-boundaries. Some named after towns or localities. Consider Southern Dagaare [dga] in particular a sister language.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. Used by all. Also use English [eng]. Used as L2 by Mampruli [maw].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 5%–15%. Taught in primary and secondary schools. Literature. Radio. Videos. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. Bible: 2008.


Latin script [Latn], used since 1975.

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

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