A language of Burkina Faso

Alternate Names
Goulmacema, Gourma, Gourmantche, Gulimancema, Gulmancema, Gurma, Migulimancema

772,000 in Burkina Faso (2009 UNSD). Total users in all countries: 1,042,500.


Centre-Est region: Koulpelogo province; Centre-Nord region: Namentenga province; Est region: Gnagna, Gourma, Komandjari, Kompienga and Tapoa provinces; Sahel region: Seno and Yagha provinces.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Northern Gourmanchema, Central Gourmanchema, Southern Gourmanchema. Central and eastern dialects are inherently intelligible; northern only with difficulty.


SVO; postpositions; genitives, articles before noun heads; numerals after; CV; 3 tones.

Language Use

All ages. Also use French [fra], Mòoré [mos], Western Niger Fulfulde [fuh], Zarma [dje].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 5%–10%. Central dialect is prestigious and used for writing. Newspapers. Radio programs. Films. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 2005.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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