326,000 in Nepal (2011 census), increasing. L2 users: 18,900 in Nepal (1991 census). 12,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 544,000. Total users in all countries: 377,900 (as L1: 359,000; as L2: 18,900).
Gandaki Zone, Kaski, Syangja, Lamjung, Tanahu, and west Gorkha districts, possibly Manang district; Dhawalagiri Zone, Parbat district.
6b (Threatened). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Gurung.
Central dialect of Gurung. Related to Thakali [ths].
SOV; postpositions; genitives, adjectives, relative clauses precede noun heads; numerals after noun heads; noun head final; no noun classes or genders; content q-word in situ; rising intonation marks bipolar questions; one negative prefix on verbs; up to 2 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; case of noun phrases is indicated by postpositions; no subject or object referencing in verbs; split ergative system according to tense; causatives; benefactives; aspect; no passives or voice; 24 consonant and 5 vowel phonemes; CV, CCV, CCCV; tonal: voice quality or register is part of the tone system.
Devanagari script [Deva].
Buddhist, Christian, Hindu.