348,800 in Nepal, all users. L1 users: 326,000 (2011 census), increasing. L2 users: 22,800 (2011 census). 12,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 523,000 (2011 census). Total users in all countries: 381,800 (as L1: 359,000; as L2: 22,800).
Dhawalagiri zone: Parbat district; Gandaki zone: west Gorkha, Kaski, Lamjung, Tanahu, and Syangja districts; possibly Manang district.
6b (Threatened). Language of recognized indigenous nationality: Gurung.
Central dialect of Gurung. Related to Thakali [ths].
SOV; postpositions; genitives, adjectives, relative clauses precede noun heads; numerals after noun heads; noun head final; no noun classes or genders; content q-word in situ; rising intonation marks bipolar questions; one negative prefix on verbs; up to 2 suffixes; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; case of noun phrases is indicated by postpositions; no subject or object referencing in verbs; split ergative system according to tense; causatives; benefactives; aspect; no passives or voice; 24 consonant and 5 vowel phonemes; CV, CCV, CCCV; tonal: voice quality or register is part of the tone system.
Children and young people use Gurung less frequently than those who are older. Passed down only a little from generation to generation (2002 UNESCO). Home; mixed use: Friends, religion, work, education. Some use among all ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Lhomi [lhm], Nepali [npi]. Also use English [eng], especially by high school graduates.
Devanagari script [Deva].
Buddhist, Christian, Hindu.