A language of Canada

Alternate Names
Kutchin, Loucheux, Takudh, Tukudh
Dinju Zhuh K’yuu

260 in Canada (2016 census). Ethnic population: 1,900 (Krauss 2007). Total users in all countries: 560.


Northwest Territories: Aklavik, Inuvik, Tsiigehtchic, Fort McPherson; Yukon Territory: Old Crow.

Language Status

7 (Shifting). Statutory language of provincial identity in NWT (1988, NWT Official Languages Act, Chapter 56 (Supplemented), Section 4). Language of recognized indigenous peoples: Gwichya Gwich’in, Inuvik Native, Tetlit Gwich’in, Vuntut Gwitchin.


Fort Yukon Gwich’in, Arctic Village Gwich’in, Western Canada Gwich’in (Loucheux, Takudh, Tukudh), Arctic Red River.

Language Use

Still vigorous in a few communities. Taught in school at Old Crow since 1970s (Golla 2007). Adults only. Also use English [eng].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. Literature. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1898.


Latin script [Latn].

Also spoken in:

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