A language of Canada

Alternate Names
Dinju Zhuh K’yuu, Kutchin, Loucheux, Tukudh

370 in Canada (2011 census). Ethnic population: 1,900 (Krauss 2007). Total users in all countries: 670.


Northwest Territories: Aklavik, Inuvik, Tsiigehtchic, Fort McPherson; Yukon Territory, Old Crow.

Language Status

7 (Shifting). Statutory language of provincial identity in NWT (1988, NWT Official Languages Act, Chapter 56 (Supplemented), Section 4).


Fort Yukon Gwich’in, Arctic Village Gwich’in, Western Canada Gwich’in (Loucheux, Takudh, Tukudh), Arctic Red River.

Language Use

Still vigorous in a few communities. Taught in school at Old Crow since 1970s (Golla 2007). Mainly adults. Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 1%–5%. Literacy rate in L2: 50%–75%. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 1898.

Latin script [Latn].

Also spoken in:

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