Oromo, Eastern


A language of Ethiopia

Alternate Names
Harar, Harar Oromo, Harer, Ittu, “Kwottu” (pej.), “Qottu” (pej.), “Qotu Oromo” (pej.), “Quottu” (pej.), “Qwottu” (pej.)

L1 users: 4,530,000 (1994). 25,500,000 all Oromo speakers in Ethiopia (2007 census).


Afar region: south; Dire Dawa and Harari regions; Oromia region: north Bale, east Hararghe, and west Hararghe zones; Somali region: Shinile zone.

Language Status

5 (Developing).


None known. Reportedly similar to Borana-Arsi-Guji Oromo [gax]. A member of macrolanguage Oromo [orm].


SOV; postpositions; gender (masculine/feminine); case-marking (7 cases); verb affixes mark person, number, gender of subject; passives (active, middle, passive); tense and aspect; 25 consonant and 10 vowel phonemes; pitch accent.

Language Use

Positive attitudes. Also use Amharic [amh]. Used as L2 by Amharic [amh], Dirasha [gdl], Gumuz [guk], Màwés Aasʼè [myf].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 15%.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

In Ethiopia, Oromo is viewed as one people who speak one language. Muslim.

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