Oromo, Eastern


A language of Ethiopia

Alternate Names
Harar, Harar Oromo, Harer, Ittu, “Kwottu” (pej.), “Qottu” (pej.), “Qotu Oromo” (pej.), “Quottu” (pej.), “Qwottu” (pej.)

4,530,000 (1994). 25,500,000 all Oromo speakers in Ethiopia (2007 census).


Oromia region: northern Bale, East Hararghe, and West Hararghe zones; Somali region: Shinile zone, and southernmost Afar region; Dire Dawa and Harari regions.

Language Status

5 (Developing).


None known. Reportedly similar to Borana-Arsi-Guji Oromo [gax]. A member of macrolanguage Oromo [orm].


SOV; postpositions; gender (masculine/feminine); case-marking (7 cases); verb affixes mark person, number, gender of subject; passives (active, middle, passive); tense and aspect; 25 consonant and 10 vowel phonemes; pitch accent.

Language Use

Positive attitudes. Also use Amharic [amh]. Used as L2 by Amharic [amh], Bambassi [myf], Dirasha [gdl], Gumuz [guk].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 15%.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

In Ethiopia, Oromo is viewed as one people who speak one language. Muslim.

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