Oromo, Eastern


A language of Ethiopia

Alternate Names
Afan Oromo, Harar, Harar Oromo, Harer, Ittu, Oromiffa, Oromoo, “Kwottu” (pej.), “Qottu” (pej.), “Qotu Oromo” (pej.), “Quottu” (pej.), “Qwottu” (pej.)
Afaan Oromoo

4,530,000 (1994). 24,900,000 all Oromo speakers in Ethiopia (2007 census).


Afar region: south; Dire Dawa and Harari regions; Oromia region: north Bale, east Hararghe, and west Hararghe zones; Somali region: Shinile zone.

Language Status

5 (Developing).


None known. Reportedly similar to Borana-Arsi-Guji Oromo [gax]. A member of macrolanguage Oromo [orm].


SOV; postpositions; gender (masculine/feminine); case-marking (7 cases); verb affixes mark person, number, gender of subject; passives (active, middle, passive); tense and aspect; 25 consonant and 10 vowel phonemes; pitch accent.

Language Use

Used by all. Positive attitudes. Also use Amharic [amh]. Used as L2 by Amharic [amh], Dirasha [gdl], Gumuz [guk], Màwés Aasʼè [myf].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 15%. Non-formal literacy classes.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

In Ethiopia, Oromo is viewed as one people who speak one language. Muslim.

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