Chinese, Hakka


A language of China

Alternate Names
Hokka, Ke, Kechia, Kejia, Majiahua, Tu Guangdonghua, Xinminhua
客家話‎ (Hakkafa)

43,500,000 in China (Asher and Moseley 2007). Total users in all countries: 48,467,490 (as L1: 48,219,490; as L2: 248,000).


Guangdong province: greatest concentrations east and northeast; Fujian, Guangxi, Hainan, Hunan, south Jiangxi, and Sichuan provinces: west and southwest. Widespread with other dialects.

Language Status

5 (Developing). Language of recognized nationality: Han.


Yue-Tai (Meixian, Raoping, Taiwan Kejia), Yuezhong, Huizhou, Yuebei, Tingzhou (Min-Ke), Ning-Long (Longnan), Yugui, Tonggu, Huayang, Hailu, Changting, Pingdong. Yue-Tai (Meixian) is standard dialect. Lexical similarity: with Gan Chinese [gan]. A member of macrolanguage Chinese [zho].


SVO; tonal.

Language Use

Used by all. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn]. Used as L2 by She [shx].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 91% (2000 census, Han nationality). Highly literate in Chinese and they use that literature. Literature. Newspapers. Periodicals. Radio. Videos. Grammar. Bible: 1916–2012.


Han script, Traditional variant [Hant]. Latin script [Latn], used since early 19th century.

Also spoken in:

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