L1 users: 43,500,000 (Asher and Moseley 2007). Total users in all countries: 47,825,550 (as L1: 47,824,550; as L2: 1,000).
Guangdong province: greatest concentrations east and northeast; Fujian, Guangxi, Hainan, Hunan, south Jiangxi, and Sichuan provinces: west and southwest. Widespread with other dialects.
5 (Developing). Language of recognized nationality: Han.