A language of Mexico

Alternate Names
Vixaritari Vaniuqui, Vizaritari Vaniuki, Wixárika

17,800 (2000 INALI). Ethnic population: 20,000.


Nayarit and Jalisco states: Cohamiata, Guadalupe Ocotán, Nayarit, San Andrés San Sebastián, Santa Catarina, and Tuxpan de Bolaños; smaller areas, Durango, southernmost tip, and western Zacatecas.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


San Andrés Cohamiata (Huichol del Oeste, Western Huichol), San Sebastián-Santa Catarina (Eastern Huichol, Huichol del Este), Coyultita, Huichol del Sur, Huichol del Norte. Lexical similarity: 58% with El Nayar Cora [crn] (most similar) (Miller 1984).


SOV; long words, prefixes, suffixes, clitics; CV, CVV; tonal.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. Oral and written use in religious services, oral use in local commerce, administration, oral literature, songs. Letter writing. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use El Nayar Cora [crn], Spanish [spa].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L1: 5%–10%. Literacy rate in L2: 5%–15%. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1967–1988.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Go to Pacific coast for temporary labor in the spring. Make their own violins and guitars. Their music is unique. Traditional religion, Christian.

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