A language of Botswana

Alternate Names
Chuwau, Chware, G||abake, Gabake-Ntshori, Haitshuari, Hietshware, Hiochuwau, Hiotshuwau, Kwe, Kwe-Etshori Kwee, Kwe-Tshori, Sarwa, Sesarwa, Tati, Tati Bushman, Tshuwau, Tshwa

2,000 in Botswana (Brenzinger 2013). Total users in all countries: 5,540.


Central district: especially Mahalapye and Serowe subdistricts; northeast Kweneng district, extending into bordering areas in Ghanzi and Kgatleng districts; primarily cattleposts and settlements.

Language Maps
Language Status

7 (Shifting).

Language Use

Used by few children. Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 15–29 years: 25% in Tswana [tsn], 20% in English [eng]; 30–54 years: 2% in Tswana, 2% in English; 55 and older: 0%.
Other Comments

Nomadic. Traditional religion, Christian.

Also spoken in:

Expand All Collapse All