A language of Botswana

Alternate Names
Chuwau, Chware, Gabake-Ntshori, G||abake, Haitshuari, Hietshware, Hiochuwau, Hiotshuwau, Kwe, Kwe-Etshori Kwee, Kwe-Tshori, Tati, Tati Bushman, Tshuwau, Tshwa, “Sarwa” (pej.), “Sesarwa” (pej.)

2,000 (Brenzinger 2013b). Total users in all countries: 5,540.


Central district: especially Mahalapye and Serowe subdistricts; Kweneng district: Ghanzi and Kgatleng districts’ border areas; primarily cattleposts and settlements.

Language Maps
Language Status

7 (Shifting).

Language Use

Used by few children. Also use English [eng].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 15–29 years: 25% in Setswana [tsn], 20% in English [eng]; 30–54 years: 2% in Setswana, 2% in English; 55 and older: 0%.

Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Nomadic. Traditional religion, Christian.

Also spoken in:

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