Chhattisgarhi

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A language of India

Alternate Names
Khaltahi, Laria
Population

L1 users: 13,300,000 (2001 census).

Location

Chhattisgarh state: north central; Jharkhand state: Simdega; Madhya Pradesh state: Anuppur and Shahdol (Baigani dialect) districts; Maharashtra state: border areas; Odisha state: Sundargarh.

Language Status

4 (Educational).

Dialects

Sadri Korwa, Baigani (Baiga, Bega, Bhumia, Gowro), Binjhwari, Kalanga, Bhulia, Chhattisgarhi Proper, Kavardi, Khairagarhi. Sadri Korwa spoken by Korwa people in Jashpur tahsil of Raigarh District; Baigani in Balaghat, Raipur, and Bilaspur districts of Chhattisgarh, and Sambalpur District of Odisha; Binjhwari in Raipur and Raigarh districts of Chhattisgarh; Kalanga and Bhulia dialects are spoken in Patna District of Bihar; Chhattisgarhi Proper in Raipur, Durg, Bilaspur, and other districts of Chhattisgarh. Lexical similarity: 66%–69% with Kamar [keq].

Language Use

Nearly all domains. Positive attitudes. Also use Odia [ory]. Also use Hindi [hin], but with low proficiency. Used as L2 by Bhunjia [bhu], Eastern Muria [emu], Far Western Muria [fmu].

Language Development
Literature. Newspapers. Radio. TV. NT: 2005.
Writing

Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Hindu, Muslim.

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