A language of China

Alternate Names
Baihong, Hao-Bai, Haoni, Ho, Ouni, Uni, Woni

140,000 (Bradley 2007b).


Yunnan province: Simao prefecture, Dai, Mojiang Hani, Pu’er Hani, and Yi autonomous counties; Yuxi prefecture: Dai, Yi, and Yuanjiang Hani autonomous counties.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a* (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Hani.


Haoni, Baihong. Dialects may be separate languages.

Language Use

Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 70%. Observed functional literacy in Chinese is low. Official literacy rate for the Hani nationality is registered much higher.


Han (Hanzi, Kanji, Hanja) script [Hani], no longer in use, used in ritual texts and folk literature.

Other Comments

Language is distinct from Hani proper. Traditional religion, Christian.

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