Hawaii Sign LanguagePrint
8b (Nearly extinct).
None known. Not related to American Sign Language [ase] or any other known sign language, less than 20% probable cognates with ASL (2013 J. Woodward). Many elderly use a mixture of HSL with ASL.
SOV, noun-first in noun phrase, verb precedes negative, sentence-final question words.
Largely replaced by American Sign Language [ase], starting about 1950. A few users from about 6,000 profoundly deaf people in Hawaii (1987 Honolulu Star-Bulletin), 72,000 deaf or hard-of-hearing people in Hawaii (1998 Honolulu Advertiser). Elderly only. Also use American Sign Language [ase], English [eng].