L1 users: 50,000 (Hattaway 2000).
Guizhou province: Dafang, Nayong, and Zhijin counties, Anshun, Bijie, Guiyang, and Qingzhen municipalities; Yunnan province: Zhenxiong county.
6a (Vigorous). Language of recognized nationality: Miao.
Vigorous. Home, community, market. Also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn].
Consider themselves Miao nationality but unique in culture and language from other Miao groups.