L1 users: 3,000,000. Ethnic population: 5,000,000.
Widespread. Many in Paraná, Rio Grande do Sul, and Santa Catarina states.
Originally derived from Hunsrücker (Westpfälzisch) German speech variety; influenced by Portuguese [por]. Several dialects, probably due to being language of intercommunication for many other Germanic language speakers such as Swabian [swg], Bavarian [bar] and others as well as immigrants from Switzerland and Austria.
Latin script [Latn].
Emigrated from Germany from 1824 more or less continuously until World War II.