Hupa

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A language of United States

Alternate Names
Hoopa, Na:tinixwe Mixine:whe’
Population

31, all users. L1 users: 1 (2015 Oregon Public Broadcasting), decreasing. L2 users: 30 (Golla 2007). Ethnic population: 2,000 (Hinton 2007).

Location

California: Hoopa Valley Reservation, northwest.

Language Status

8b (Nearly extinct). Language of registered tribe: Blue Lake Rancheria, Hoopa Valley Tribe.

Dialects

Whilkut.

Language Use

Shifted to English [eng]. Older adults only.

Language Development
Taught in primary schools. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. Adult classes and language immersion camps (2016).
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