A language of Canada

Alternate Names

260 in Canada (FPCC 2014). 990 semi-speakers (FPCC 2014). Ethnic population: 19,000 (FPCC 2014). Total users in all countries: 285.


British Columbia province: small communities along lower Fraser river, on the east coast of Vancouver Island.

Language Maps
Language Status

8a (Moribund). Language of recognized indigenous peoples: Aitchelitz, Beecher Bay, Chawathil, Cheam, Cowichan, Halalt, Katzie, Kwantlen, Kwaw-kwaw-Apilt, Lake Cowichan, Leq’ a: mel, Lyackson, Malahat, Matsqui, Musqueam, Nanoose, New Westminster, Penelakut Tribe, Peters, Popkum, Qualicum, Seabird Island, Shxw’ow’hamel, Shxwhá:y Village, Skawahlook, Skowkale, Skwah, Snuneymuxw, Soowahlie, Sq’éwlets, Squiala, Sts’ailes, Stz’uminus, Sumas, Tsawwassen, Tsleil-Waututh, Tzeachten, Union Bar, Yakweakwioose, Yale.


Downriver Halkomelem (Hun’qumi’num’), Upriver Halkomelem (Halq’eméylem), Island Halkomelem (Hul’q’umín’um’).

Language Use

Older adults only. Also use English [eng].

Language Development

Dictionary. Grammar. Language preservation activities in all dialects.

Other Comments

Language courses (1991).

Also spoken in:

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