Humla

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A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Dangali, “Humla Bhotia” (pej.), Humli Khyampa, Phoke
Population

4,000 (Sharma and Gautam 1999).

Location

Seti Zone, Bajura district; Karnali Zone, Humla district, villages northwest from Simikot towards China border, villages slightly northeast of Simikot; Kathmandu.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Humli Khyampa, La Yakba, Limi, Nyinba, Upper Humla. Nyinba is nearly unintelligible to other Humla Tibetans but speakers report all dialects are mutually intelligible (Wilde 2001).

Typology

SOV; postposition; noun head initial; noun classes or genders; content q-word in situ; 1 prefix, up to 3 suffixes; case-marking and word order; verbal affixation marks person (conjunct vs. disjunct distinction); tense and aspect; no passives or voice; 35 consonants (Limi variety) and 7 vowel phonemes; tonal.

Language Use

Home, friends, religion, work. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Central Tibetan [bod].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 10%–15% Tibetan [bod]. Some schools using English [eng] medium, some Tibetan [bod] instruction.
Writing

Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Buddhist.