L1 users: 1,010 (2010 census). Ethnic population: 2,000. Total users in all countries: 1,420.
Dagestan Republic: Tsuntinsky district, Nakhada, Gunzib and Garbutl; Kizilyurtovksy district, Stalskoe.
6b (Threatened). Statutory language of provincial identity in Dagestan Autonomous Republic (1994, Article 10, Constitution).
None known. Separate from Bezhta [kap] (1989 B. Comrie) but reportedly very similar to it.
27 consonants, 16 vowels, word stress generally linked to prefinal vowel; 5 noun classes; agreement between nouns and coreferent adjectives, pronouns, verbs, and adverbs marked by prefixes; nominative-ergative system; demonstratives.