Ili Turki


A language of China

Alternate Names
Ili Turk, T’urk, Taranchi, Tu’erke, Tuerke

120 (1980 R. Hahn), decreasing. The language of about 30 families (Salminen 2007). Total users in all countries: 240.


Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region: Ili Kazak autonomous prefecture, Gongliu, Nilka, Tekes, Xinyuan, Zhaosu, and other counties, Ili valley near Kuldja.

Language Maps
Language Status

8a (Moribund). Language of recognized nationality: Uzbek.


None known. Ili Turki is indistinguishable from the Central Uyghur [uig] variety spoken in the Ili (Ghulja) area (2015 A. Dwyer).


SOV; vowel harmony; influenced greatly by Kazakh and Uyghur; has Arabic, Persian, Chinese, and Russian loans.

Language Use

Younger generations are shifting to Kazakh [kaz] or Uygur [uig] (Salminen 2007). Older adults. Also use Kazakh [kaz], Uyghur [uig].

Other Comments

Ethnically and linguistically distinct, discovered in 1956. Their oral history says they came from the Ferghana Valley (Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan) about 200 years ago. Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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