Ili Turki


A language of China

Alternate Names
Ili Turk, T’urk, Taranchi, Tu’erke, Tuerke

120 in China (1980 R. Hahn), decreasing. The language of about 30 families (Salminen 2007). Total users in all countries: 240.


Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region: Ili Kazak autonomous prefecture, Gongliu, Nilka, Tekes, Xinyuan, Zhaosu, and other counties, Ili valley near Kuldja.

Language Maps
Language Status

8a (Moribund). Language of recognized nationality: Uzbek.


None known. Ili Turki is indistinguishable from the Central Uyghur [uig] variety spoken in the Ili (Ghulja) area (2015 A. Dwyer).


SOV; vowel harmony; influenced greatly by Kazakh and Uyghur; has Arabic, Persian, Chinese, and Russian loans.

Language Use

Younger generations are shifting to Kazakh [kaz] or Uygur [uig] (Salminen 2007). Older adults only. Also use Kazakh [kaz], Uyghur [uig].

Other Comments

Ethnically and linguistically distinct, discovered in 1956. Their oral history says they came from the Ferghana Valley (Uzbekistan and Kyrgyzstan) about 200 years ago. Muslim.

Also spoken in:

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