6,920,000 (2000 census). Total users in all countries: 7,016,400.
Widespread; Ilocos region: La Union and Ilocos provinces; Cagayan Valley region: Babuyan islands; Mindoro, Mindanao areas.
3 (Wider communication). Statutory language of provincial identity in northwest Luzon Island, other areas (1991, ACFLC Section 3(f)).
None known. A pidginized form is used in northern Luzon highlands.
VSO; gender (personal/common); ergativity; tense and aspect; 20 consonant and 5 vowel phonemes; non-tonal; free stress; inclusive/exclusive pronouns.
Also use Abellen Ayta [abp], Bolinao [smk]. Also use Ibatan [ivb], especially migrants. Used as L2 by Abellen Ayta [abp], Adasen [tiu], Amganad Ifugao [ifa], Arta [atz], Balangao [blw], Banao Itneg [bjx], Binongan Itneg [itb], Bogkalot [ilk], Butbut Kalinga [kyb], Central Bontok [lbk], Central Cagayan Agta [agt], Eastern Bontok [ebk], Ga’dang [gdg], Gaddang [gad], Ibanag [ibg], Ibatan [ivb], Inlaod Itneg [iti], Isinay [inn], Isnag [isd], Itawit [itv], Kalanguya [kak], Karao [kyj], Keley-i Kallahan [ify], Limos Kalinga [kmk], Lubuagan Kalinga [knb], Maeng Itneg [itt], Majukayang Kalinga [kmd], Masadiit Itneg [tis], Mayoyao Ifugao [ifu], Moyadan Itneg [ity], Northern Bontok [rbk], Pahanan Agta [apf], Pamplona Atta [att], Paranan [prf], Sambal [xsb], Southern Bontok [obk], Southern Kalinga [ksc], Southwestern Bontok [vbk], Tanudan Kalinga [kml], Tuwali Ifugao [ifk], Umiray Dumaget Agta [due], Yogad [yog].