Indonesian

Print

A language of Indonesia

Autonym
Bahasa Indonesia
Population

198,000,000 in Indonesia (2010 census), all users. L1 users: 22,800,000 (2000), increasing. Total users in all countries: 198,395,070 (as L1: 23,195,070; as L2: 175,200,000).

Location

Widespread.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1945, Constitution, Article 36).

Dialects

None known. Lexical similarity: over 80% with Standard Malay [zsm]. A member of macrolanguage Malay [msa].

Typology

SVO; prepositions; noun head initial, but quantifiers before noun; 3 noun classifiers; no articles; aspect; 19 consonants, 6 vowels, 3 diphthongs; non-tonal; stress on penultimate syllable; 2 social registers; inclusive/exclusive pronouns.

Language Development
Fully developed. Bible: 1974–2000.
Writing

Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab]. Braille script [Brai]. Latin script [Latn], primary usage.

Other Comments

Developed from literary ‘Classical Malay’ of the Riau-Johor sultanate (Sneddon 2003). Has regional variants. Muslim.

Page Views Left: