A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Galgay, Ghalghay, Ingus, Ingushi, Kisti, Kistin
Ghalghaj, Гӏалгӏай‎ (Ğalğaj), гӏалгӏай мотт‎ (Ğalğaj mott)

306,000 in Russian Federation (2010 census). Ethnic population: 445,000 (2010 census). Total users in all countries: 322,900.


Chechnya republic, Ingushetia republic, Kabardino-Balkar republic, and North Ossetia-Alania republic.

Language Status

4 (Educational). Statutory provincial language in Republic of Ingushetia (1994, Constitution of the Republic of Ingushetia, Article 14).


None known. Somewhat intelligible with Chechen [che], more so with contact.

Language Use

Also use Russian [rus].

Language Development

Radio. Grammar. Bible portions: 2005.


Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab]. Cyrillic script [Cyrl], primary usage. Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

In 1944–1957, they were deported to Kazakhstan and Siberia, losing 25% to 50% of the population. Lost much land, economic resources, and civil rights. Removed from Vladikavkaz in late 1992, but many returned. Muslim.

Also spoken in:

Expand All
Collapse All
Page Views Left: