306,000 in Russian Federation (2010 census). Population total all countries: 322,900. Ethnic population: 445,000 (2010 census).
Ingushetiya Republic, Severnaya Osetiya-Alaniya, Kabardino-Balkariya, and Chechnya Republic.
4 (Educational). Statutory language of provincial identity in Ingushetia (1993, Constitution, Article 68(2)).
None known. Somewhat intelligible with Chechen [che], more so with contact.
Also use Russian [rus].
Ethnic autonym: Ghalghay. 1944–1957 deported to Kazakhstan and Siberia, losing 25% to 50% of the population. Lost much land, economic resources, and civil rights. Removed from Vladikavkaz in late 1992, but many returned. Muslim (Hanafi Sunni).