Iowa-Oto

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A language of United States

Population

No known L1 speakers. Last fluent speakers of Iowa and Oto died in 1996 (1997 J. GoodTracks). Ethnic population: 1,150 (Golla 2007).

Location

Oklahoma: central.

Language Status

9 (Dormant).

Dialects

Iowa (Baxoje, Ioway), Oto (Chiwere, Jiwele, Jiwere, Otoe), Niutaji (Missouri, Missouria, Nyut’chi).

Language Use

In 1999, only 4 passive speakers remain, none fluent (Golla 2007).

Language Development
Grammar.
Other Comments

Iowa and Oto formerly 1 language, with some family variations cross-cutting tribal affiliations. Missouri dialect extinct for many years. Language preservation activities taking place in Oklahoma.

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