A language of Peru

Alternate Names
Akenóiri, Amacacore, Hamacore, Ikito, Iquita, Iquito, Puca-Uma, Quiturran

35 (2002 SIL), decreasing. 1 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 520 (2007 census).


Loreto region: Atalaya and San Antonia on Chambira, Nanay, and Pintoyacu rivers.

Language Maps
Language Status

8a (Moribund). Recognized language (2011, Law No. 29735, Preservation and Use of Original Languages of Peru).


Pintuyacu. Cahuarano [cah] may be a dialect.

Language Use

Older adults. Negative attitudes. Also use Spanish [spa].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 75%. Bible portions: 1963–2002.

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

In 1958–1966 there were 100 speakers on the verge of extinction and acculturation to Spanish-speaking society. Children understood but did not speak, adults were bilingual with Spanish, older people understood Spanish, but only spoke Iquito. Speakers died from measles, whooping cough, and pneumonia. The rubber boom and landowner (patron) system had devastating effects. Christian.

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