L1 users: 29,000 (1999 G. Gumbs). Total users in all countries: 29,500.
Boké region: central Gaoual prefecture, more than 60 villages on Tamine river upper reaches between Boké and Sangea towns.
Arabic script, Naskh variant [Arab].
Reportedly came from Mali in 18th century and trace their origins to Soninke [snk], but now speak a separate language. Muslim.