A language of India

Alternate Names
Bhotia, Dzad, Rongba

300 (Breton 1997).


Himachal Pradesh state: Kinnaur district; Uttarakhand state: Uttarkashi district, Harsil subdistrict, Jadang and Nilang villages in Jad Ganga gorges.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


None known. Reportedly similar to Spiti Bhoti [spt].


Does not have pronominalization found in other languages of the area.

Language Use

Garhwali [gbm] learned together with Jad. Code switching and code mixing common. Uncertain whether stable bilingualism will continue or whether Jad will be replaced by Garhwali [gbm] or Hindi [hin]. Home, community. Used by all. Negative attitudes. Also use Central Tibetan [bod], Garhwali [gbm], Hindi [hin].

Language Development

Hindi used for all written communication.

Other Comments

Some borrowing of vocabulary from Hindi [hin] and Garhwali [gbm]. Buddhist.

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