Tol

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A language of Honduras

Alternate Names
Tolpan, Tolupan, Torrupan, “Jicaque” (pej.), “Xicaque” (pej.)
Autonym
Tol
Population

350 (1997). Ethnic population: 19,000 (2013 census).

Location

Francisco Morazán department: Montaña de la Flor and Yoro.

Language Maps
Language Status

7 (Shifting).

Dialects

No distinct dialects. It may be distantly related to Subtiaba [sut] of Nicaragua (no remaining speakers), Malinaltepec Me’phaa [tcf] of Mexico, or the Hokan languages.

Typology

SOV.

Language Use

Also use Spanish [spa].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L1: 5%–10%. Literacy rate in L2: 5%–15%. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1993–2010.

Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Christian, traditional religion.

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