Jinuo, Youle


A language of China

Alternate Names
Jino, Youle

10,000 (Bradley 2007b). Ethnic population: 23,100 (2010 census). Includes Buyuan Jinuo [jiy].


Yunnan province: Xishuangbanna Dai autonomous prefecture, near Laos and Myanmar borders, east of Jinghong in Youle mountains. 40 villages.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of recognized nationality: Jinuo.


Youle and Buyuan dialects not mutually inherently intelligible. Chinese used to communicate.


SOV; initial consonant clusters (stop or nasal plus, r); no syllable-final consonants; mostly monosyllabic words; tonal, 6 tones.

Language Use

All domains. Some young people, all adults. Positive attitudes. Some also use Mandarin Chinese [cmn], which is used in education. Also use Lü [khb].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 83%. Videos.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Traditional religion.

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