A language of India

Alternate Names
Ban Manus, Ban Rauts, Bhulla, Bãt-kha, Dzanggali, Jangali, Janggali, Jhangar, Raji, Raut

670 (1998).


Uttarakhand state: Pithoragarh district, north of Askot Maila, 9 villages.

Language Maps
Language Status

7 (Shifting).


None known. Extensive borrowing from areal Indo-Aryan (Kumaoni, Nepali) languages (2011 J. Fortier). Very similar to Raute [rau] and Raji [rji].


SOV; postpositions; genitives, articles, adjectives, numerals before noun heads; noun heads both initial and final; no noun classes or genders; content q-word initial; maximum number of suffixes 3; affixes indicate case of noun phrases; verb affixation marks person and number; passives; causatives; comparatives; CV, CVC; nontonal.

Language Use

All speakers use a highly mixed variety. Due to poor socio-economic status, miniscule number of speakers, fewer domains of language use, attitude of the dominant group and lack of initiative from the state, Rawat is quickly assimilating into Kumaoni [kfy] (Rastogi 2006). Home, religion. Negative attitudes. Also use Kumaoni [kfy] (Rastogi 2006).

Language Development

Younger generation taking interest in literacy.


Devanagari script [Deva], in development.

Other Comments

A Scheduled Tribe. Many Indo-Aryan loans. Raute are found in Kumaon where they are known as Raji (Gurung 1997). Traditional religion.

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