Japanese Sign Language

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A language of Japan

Alternate Names
JSL, NS, Nihon Shuwa, Shuwa, Temane
Population

L1 users: 317,000 (Van Cleve 1986).

Location

Scattered.

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

None known. Related to Taiwanese [tss] and Korean [kvk] sign languages.

Language Use

Vigorous. Over 95% of the deaf understand Japanese Sign Language. 107 deaf schools. The first school opened in Kyoto in 1878. All ages.

Language Development
TV.
Other Comments

‘Temane’ is the former name. Pidgin Signed Japanese is distinct, and used often in formal situations, lectures, speeches, and for interaction with hearing people. 80% of the deaf understand finger spelling.

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