4,000 (Bradley 1997), decreasing. Most young people are semi-speakers, speaking Chinese instead (Bradley 2007). Ethnic population: 6,340 (Bradley 2007).
Yunnan Province, Yuxi prefecture, Tonghai county, Xingmeng Mongolian autonomous township.
All are proficient in Southwest Mandarin [cmn].
Home, village. All ages, but a decreasing number of children.
Officially classified within Mongolian nationality. Remnants of an outpost dating back to the Yuan Dynasty.