Greenlandic

Print

A language of Greenland

Alternate Names
Greenlandic Inuktitut, Kalaallisut
Population

50,000 in Greenland (2007 I. Larsen). 3,000 East Greenlandic, 44,000 West Greenlandic, 800 North Greenlandic. Total users in all countries: 57,000.

Location

Widespread, about 80 communities of populations over 10.

Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1978, Home Rule Act No. 577 of 29 November, Article 9.1).

Dialects

West Greenlandic, East Greenlandic, Thule Inuit (North Greenlandic, “Polar Eskimo” (pej.), Polar Inuit). Dialects border on being different languages (1995 M. Krauss).

Typology

SOV; postpositions; noun head initial; case-marking (8 cases); verb affixes mark person, number; ergativity; passives; 14 consonant and 6 vowel phonemes; non-tonal.

Language Use

Vigorous. Also use Danish [dan].

Language Development
Taught in primary schools. Radio programs. Grammar. Bible: 1900.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Also spoken in:

Expand All Collapse All
Free Views Left: