46,700,000 in India, all users. L1 users: 37,700,000 (2001 census). L2 users: 9,000,000. Total users in all countries: 46,739,040 (as L1: 37,739,040; as L2: 9,000,000).
Mainly Goa and Karnataka states; Andhra Pradesh state: Anantapur; Maharashtra state: Latur district; Tamil Nadu and Kerala states; small border areas of last 4 states.
2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Karnataka (1950, Constitution, Schedule VIII).
Bellary, Bijapur, Gulbarga, Kumta, Aine Kuruba, Jeinu Kuruba, Nanjangud. About 20 dialects; Badaga [bfq] may be one.
SOV; postpositions; noun head final; gender (masculine/feminine/neuter); case-marking (7 cases); verb affixes mark person, number, gender of subject; tense and aspect; causatives; 22 consonants, 20 vowels, 2 diphthongs; non-tonal; light stress on first syllable.