37,700,000 in India (2001 census). Population total all countries: 37,739,040. L2 users: 9,000,000 in India.
Mainly Karnataka and Goa states; Maharashtra state: Latur district; Andhra Pradesh state: Anantapur; Tamil Nadu and Kerala states; numerous small areas on borders of last 4 states.
2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Karnataka (1950, Constitution, Schedule VIII).
Aine Kuruba, Bellary, Bijapur, Gulbarga, Jeinu Kuruba, Kumta, Nanjangud. About 20 dialects; Badaga [bfq] may be one.