37,700,000 in India (2001 census). L2 users: 9,000,000 in India. Total users in all countries: 46,739,040 (as L1: 37,739,040; as L2: 9,000,000).
Mainly Karnataka and Goa; Maharashtra: Latur district; Andhra Pradesh: Anantapur; Tamil Nadu and Kerala; numerous small areas on borders of last 4 states.
2 (Provincial). Statutory provincial language in Karnataka (1950, Constitution, Schedule VIII).
Bellary, Bijapur, Gulbarga, Kumta, Aine Kuruba, Jeinu Kuruba, Nanjangud. About 20 dialects; Badaga [bfq] may be one.
SOV; postpositions; noun head final; gender (masculine/feminine/neuter); case-marking (7 cases); verb affixes mark person, number, gender of subject; tense and aspect; causatives; 22 consonants, 20 vowels, 2 diphthongs; non-tonal; light stress on first syllable.