L1 users: 9,980,000 (2009 census). Ethnic population: 10,100,000 (2009 census). Total users in all countries: 12,771,100.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1995, Constitution, Article 7(1)).
Northeastern Kazakh, Southern Kazakh, Western Kazakh. Minor dialect differences.
SOV; postpositions; noun head final; no articles; case-marking (7 cases); verb affixes mark person, number; passives; tense; comparatives; 18 consonant and 9 vowel phonemes; non-tonal; stress on final syllable; vowel harmony.
Seminomadic. Eastern Kirghiz and Western Kirghiz erroneously applied to Kazakh. Muslim.