Kabardian

Print

A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
East Circassian, Eastern Adyghe, Eastern Circassian, Highland Adyghe, Kabard, Kabardino-Cherkes, Kabardo-Cherkess, Kabardo-Cherkessian, Upper Adyghe, Upper Circassian
Autonym
Къэбэрдей Адыгэбзэ‎ (Qăbărdey Adəgăbză)
Population

516,000 (2010 census). 36,700 monolinguals (2002 census). Ethnic population: 590,000 (2010 census). Total users in all countries: 1,685,500.

Location

Kabardino-Balkar republic, North Ossetia-Alania republic, Stavropol krai.

Language Status

5 (Developing).

Dialects

Greater Kabardian, Baksan, Lesser Kabardian, Malka, Mozdok, Kuban, Cherkes, Beslenei (Beslenej). Similar to Adyghe [ady].

Language Development
Taught in primary and secondary schools. Literature. Dictionary. Grammar. NT: 1993–2007.
Writing

Cyrillic script [Cyrl].

Other Comments

The ethnonym ‘Adyghe’ is synonymous with Circassian and encompasses both Kabardian (Eastern Adyghe or Eastern Circassian) and Adyghe [ady] (i.e. Western Adyghe or Western Circassian). Muslim.

Also spoken in:

Expand All
Collapse All
Page Views Left: