Khanty

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A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Hanty, Khant, Khanti, Ostjak, Ostyak, Xanty
Population

L1 users: 9,580 (2010 census). Mostly speakers of Northern Khanty, 2,000 speakers of Eastern Khanty and probably no speakers left in Southern Khanty (Salminen 2007). Ethnic population: 30,900 (2010 census).

Location

Khanty-Mansiyskiy Avtonomnyy Okrug, Yamalo-Nenetskiy Avtonomnyy Okrug, and Tomskaya Oblast’; east past the Mansi [mns] language area, along Ob river.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Northern Khanti, Eastern Khanti, Southern Khanti, Vach (Vasyugan). Intelligibility difficult between geographically distant dialects. 3 dialect groups; ‘Vach’, archaic. Dialect used in writing rejected by many speakers.

Language Use

20%–60% of the ethnic group speaks Khanty. In Eastern Khanty, some child speakers but many shift to Russian [rus] at school age. Northern Khanty is still used in the home but boarding school system often forces a shift to Russian among younger generations. In Southern Khanty, transmission of the language to children stopped long ago. Assimilated to Siberian Tatar [tat] and Russian. Few domains. Used by few children. Positive attitudes. Also use Russian [rus].

Language Development
Russian used in schools. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible portions: 1868–2011.
Writing

Cyrillic script [Cyrl].

Other Comments

Traditional religion.

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