Kanum, Ngkâlmpw


A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Enkelembu, Kanum, Kenume, Knwne

150 (1996 M. Donohue).


Papua Province, Merauke regency, Yanggandur, Tomer, and Onggaya villages, southernmost point of province, east of Merauke city along Papua New Guinea border.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).


None known. Kanum varieties are separate languages, with difficult mutual intelligibility. Reportedly similar to Yei [jei]. Also classified as Australian, Pama-Nyungan.

Language Use

Home, hunting camps. All ages. Also use Indonesian [ind], Morori [mok].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 5%.
Other Comments

One ethnic group with Kanum varieties. Clan marriages common, and much ritual exchange. Christian.

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