Kanum, Ngkâlmpw

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A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Enkelembu, Kanum, Kenume, Knwne
Population

L1 users: 150 (1996 M. Donohue).

Location

Papua province: Merauke regency, Onggaya, Tomer, and Yanggandur villages south along Papua New Guinea border.

Language Maps
Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

None known. Kanum varieties are separate languages, with difficult mutual intelligibility. Reportedly similar to Yei [jei]. Also classified as Australian, Pama-Nyungan.

Language Use

Home, hunting camps. All ages. Also use Indonesian [ind], as a trade language or for official purposes. Also use Morori [mok], as a trade language.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 5%.
Writing

Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

One ethnic group with Kanum varieties. Clan marriages common, and much ritual exchange. Christian.

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