Kanum, Ngkâlmpw


A language of Indonesia

Alternate Names
Enkelembu, Kanum, Kenume, Knwne

150 (1996 M. Donohue).


Papua province: Merauke regency, Onggaya, Tomer, and Yanggandur villages south along Papua New Guinea border.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


None known. Kanum varieties are separate languages, with difficult mutual intelligibility. Reportedly similar to Yei [jei]. Also classified as Australian, Pama-Nyungan.

Language Use

Home, hunting camps. Used by all. Also use Indonesian [ind], as a trade language or for official purposes. Also use Morori [mok], as a trade language.

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 5%.


Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

One ethnic group with Kanum varieties. Clan marriages common, and much ritual exchange. Christian.

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