A language of Uganda

Alternate Names
Akokolemu, Akum, Ikokolemu, Ikumama, Kuman, Kumum

266,000 (2014 census), increasing. Census based on tribal affiliation.


Amuria, Kaberamaido, Serere, and Soroti districts: Lake Kwania area; some in Amolatar, Buyende, Dokolo, Kamuli, Lira, and Otuke districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


None known. Mutually intelligible of Acholi [ach] and Lango [laj]. Lexical similarity: 82% with Acholi [ach], 81% with Lango [laj].

Language Use

Home, market. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Also use Lango [laj], Teso [teo].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 20% in English [eng]. Literacy campaign in progress. Used in primary schools, but no primers available. Radio. Texts. Bible: 2014.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Ladefoged, Glick and Criper (1972) and Bender (1988 M. Bender) classify Kumam as Southern Luo; some linguists classify it in the Dinka group. Kumam oral tradition gives a Teso descent. Christian.

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