L1 users: 666,000 (2014 census), increasing. 372,000 Karamojong, 165,000 Jie and 129,000 Dodoth. Census based on tribal affiliation.
Moroto, Napak, Kaabong, Amudat, Nakapiripirit, Kotido, Kitgum, Lamwo, Abim, Kapchorwa, Kween, Bulambuli, and Sironko districts.
VSO; highly inflectional; grammatical tone; vowel harmony; voiceless vowels.
Latin script [Latn], used since 1932.
The people are pastoralist and seminomadic but much less so recently due to disarmament and forced settlement. Christian, traditional religion.