A language of Uganda

Alternate Names
Karamojong, Karimojong, Karimonjong, Ng’akaramojong

666,000 (2014 census), increasing. 372,000 Karamojong, 165,000 Jie and 129,000 Dodoth. Census based on tribal affiliation.


Moroto, Napak, Kaabong, Amudat, Nakapiripirit, Kotido, Kitgum, Lamwo, Abim, Kapchorwa, Kween, Bulambuli, and Sironko districts.

Language Maps
Language Status

5 (Developing).


Jie (Jiye), Dodoth, Matheniko, Napore, Bokora, Pian. Dialects correspond with sub-tribes of Karimojong and have very high mutual intelligibility. Lexical similarity: 83%–95% between dialects, 85% with Turkana [tuv], 75% with Teso [teo].


VSO; highly inflectional; grammatical tone; vowel harmony; voiceless vowels.

Language Use

Home, market. All ages. Positive attitudes. Used as L2 by Ik [ikx], Soo [teu].

Language Development
Taught in primary schools. Radio. Videos. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. Bible: 2011.

Latin script [Latn], used since 1932.

Other Comments

The people are pastoralist and seminomadic but much less so recently due to disarmament and forced settlement. Christian, traditional religion.

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