Kabuverdianu

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A language of Cape Verde Islands

Alternate Names
Caboverdiano, Criol, Kriol, Krioulo, Krioulu, “Badiu” (pej.), “Sampadjudu” (pej.)
Autonym
Crioulo, Kabuverdianu
Population

L1 users: 492,000 (2010 census), increasing. 325,000 Kabuverdianu-Sotaventu, 167,000 Kabuverdianu-Barlavente. 80,000 monolinguals. Ethnic population: 1,000,000. Total users in all countries: 733,730.

Location

Boa Vista, Sal, Santo Antão, São Nicolau, and São Vicente islands (Kabuverdianu-Barlavente dialect); Brava, Fogo, Maio, and Santiago islands (Kabuverdianu-Sotaventu dialect).

Language Status

4 (Educational). Statutory language of national identity (1992, Constitution, Article 9(2)), not co-equal with Portuguese.

Dialects

Kabuverdianu Sotavento (Caboverdiano-Sotavento, Kabuverdianu-Sotaventu), Kabuverdianu Barlavento (Caboverdiano-Barlavento, Kabuverdianu-Barlavente). Low mutual intelligibility between the dialects.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. All ages. Positive attitudes.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 29% in Portuguese [por]. Cape Verdeans who can read Portuguese [por] are able to read Kabuverdianu, with a little effort to adjust to a few differences between the Portuguese orthography and the official Kabuverdianu orthography. Taught in primary and secondary schools. Literature. Newspapers. Periodicals. Radio. TV. Videos. Dictionary. Grammar. Texts. Bible portions: 1936–2009.
Writing

Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

“Badiu” is a somewhat pejorative name for the indigenous inhabitants of the southern island of Santiago, often used by extension as the name for the variant of Kabuverdianu-Sotaventu spoken on this island. “Sanpadjudu” is a somewhat pejorative name for the indigenous inhabitants of the northern island of Santo Antão, often used by extension as the name for the variant of Kabeverdiane-Barlavente spoken on this island). Christian.

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