Keres, Eastern


A language of United States

Alternate Names
Eastern Keres Pueblo, Rio Grande Keresan

6,680 (Golla 2007). Includes 500 Zia speakers, 390 Santa Ana, 2,340 San Felipe, 2,850 Santo Domingo, 600 Cochiti (Golla 2007). 2010 census lists 13,100 as Keres. Ethnic population: 8,100 (Golla 2007). Includes 1,200 Cochiti, 2,600 San Felipe, 650 Santa Ana, 2,850 Santo Domingo, 800 Zia.


New Mexico: Cochiti, San Felipe, Santa Ana, Santo Domingo, and Zia pueblos.

Language Status

6b (Threatened). Language of registered tribe: Kewa Pueblo, Pueblo of Cochiti, Pueblo of San Felipe, Pueblo of Santa Ana, Pueblo of Zia.


Cochiti, San Felipe, Santa Ana, Santo Domingo, Zia.

Language Use

Rates of language retention vary considerably from community to community. Some young people, all adults. All ages, but few children in Zia and Cochiti. Also use English [eng].

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 75%–100%. Grammar. Bible portions: 1933–1936. Taught at Zia elementary school. No language program in San Felipe. In Santo Domingo parents are obliged to teach the language to their children but no language classes are conducted at the school. In Cochiti, taught at elementary school and community-based language revitalization program started in 1996.


Latin script [Latn].

Other Comments

Outsiders are discouraged from learning the language.

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