L1 users: 210 (2010 census). No monolinguals. Ethnic population: 1,220 (2010 census).
Postpositions; noun head final; gender (masculine/feminine/neuter); case-marking (7 cases); verb affixes mark person, number; 24 consonant and 7 vowel phonemes; tonal (5 tone contours); movable stress.
Seriously endangered to moribund (2000 A. Kibrik). No other extant related languages: Arin, Assan, and Kott peoples became extinct 19th century. Home. Middle-aged or older; very few child speakers (Salminen 2007). Mixed attitudes, from negative to mildly positive. Also use Russian [rus].
Cyrillic script [Cyrl].
Traditional way of life has changed. Traditional religion.