L1 users: 2,800 (2007).
Karnataka state: Dakshina, Kannada, and Kodagu districts; Kerala state: Kannur, and Kasargod districts; Tamil Nadu state.
Literacy rate in L2: 48% for Scheduled Tribes in Karnataka; 63% for Kudiya in Kerala, 65% in Tamil Nadu (2001 census).
A Scheduled Tribe. Traditional religion, Hindu.