Kham, Gamale


A language of Nepal

Alternate Names

13,100 (2000), increasing. 27,100 all Kham languages in Nepal (2011 census).


Rapti Zone, Rolpa district, Dhawalagiri Zone, Baglung district. Gam Khola, western hills, Gam, Jhyalgung, Chalbang, Tamali, Dangadhara, Sheram, Ghusbang, Huiching, Guwakholagau, Maulabang, and Kuipadhara villages.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Tamali, Ghusbanggi. Only 30% intelligibility with Western Parbate [kjl] due to radical differences in verbal morphology. Lexical similarity: 71% with Western Parbate (most similar) [kjl], 55% with Eastern Parbate [kif] and Sheshi [kip], 45% with Bhujel [kif].


SOV; postpositions; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks person and gender; passives and voice; tonal.

Language Use

Vigorous in the villages. Home, friends, work; mixed use: Religion. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Nepali [npi].

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 5%–15%. Dictionary. Grammar.

Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian.

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