Kham, Gamale

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A language of Nepal

Alternate Names
Gamale
Population

L1 users: 13,100 (2000), increasing. 27,100 all Kham languages in Nepal (2011 census).

Location

Rapti zone: Rolpa district; Dhawalagiri zone: Baglung district, Chalbang, Dangadhara, Gam, Ghusbang, Guwakholagau, Huiching, Jhyalgung, Kuipadhara, Maulabang, Sheram, and Tamali villages, in Gam Khola, western hills.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).

Dialects

Tamali, Ghusbanggi. Only 30% intelligibility with Western Parbate [kjl] due to radical differences in verbal morphology. Lexical similarity: 71% with Western Parbate (most similar) [kjl], 55% with Eastern Parbate [kif] and Sheshi [kip], 45% with Bhujel [kif].

Typology

SOV; postpositions; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks person and gender; passives and voice; tonal.

Language Use

Vigorous in the villages. Home, friends, work; mixed use: Religion. All ages. Positive attitudes. Also use Nepali [npi], especially the younger generation.

Language Development
Literacy rate in L2: 5%–15%. Dictionary. Grammar.
Writing

Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian.

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