Kham, Gamale


A language of Nepal

Alternate Names

13,100 (2000), increasing. 27,100 all Kham languages in Nepal (2011 census).


Rapti zone: Rolpa district; Dhawalagiri zone: Baglung district, Chalbang, Dangadhara, Gam, Ghusbang, Guwakholagau, Huiching, Jhyalgung, Kuipadhara, Maulabang, Sheram, and Tamali villages, in Gam Khola, western hills.

Language Maps
Language Status

6a (Vigorous).


Tamali, Ghusbanggi. Only 30% intelligibility with Western Parbate [kjl] due to radical differences in verbal morphology. Lexical similarity: 71% with Western Parbate (most similar) [kjl], 55% with Eastern Parbate [kif] and Sheshi [kip], 45% with Bhujel [kif].


SOV; postpositions; clause constituents indicated by case-marking; verbal affixation marks person and gender; passives and voice; tonal.

Language Use

Vigorous in the villages. Home, friends, work; mixed use: Religion. Used by all. Positive attitudes. Also use Nepali [npi], especially the younger generation.

Language Development

Literacy rate in L2: 5%–15%. Dictionary. Grammar.


Devanagari script [Deva].

Other Comments

Traditional religion, Christian.

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