Mongolian, Halh

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A language of Mongolia

Alternate Names
Central Mongolian, Halh, Khalkha, Khalkha Mongolian, Mongol, Mongolian
Population

2,600,000 in Mongolia (2012). 32,300 Dariganga, 20,400 Darkhat. Total users in all countries: 2,626,590.

Location

Widespread.

Language Maps
Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Constitution, Article 8(1)).

Dialects

Halh (Khalkha), Dariganga, Khotogoit, Sartul, Tsongol, Darkhat (Darhad, Darkhad). A member of macrolanguage Mongolian [mon].

Typology

SOV; postpositions; noun head final; no articles; case-marking (7 cases); passives; tense and aspect; causatives; 29 consonants, 14 vowels, 4 diphthongs; non-tonal; stress on first syllable or long vowel; vowel harmony; evidentiality.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. All ages.

Language Development
Taught in all schools. Taught in primary and secondary schools. Poetry. Magazines. Newspapers. New media. Radio programs. TV. Videos. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 2003.
Writing

Braille script [Brai]. Cyrillic script [Cyrl]. Mongolian script [Mong], used prior to 1941 with a resurgence since the 1990s. Phags-pa script [Phag], no longer in use. Tibetan script [Tibt], no longer in use.

Other Comments

Buddhist, traditional religion.

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