Mongolian, Halh


A language of Mongolia

Alternate Names
Central Mongolian, Halh, Khalkha, Khalkha Mongolian, Mongol, Mongolian

2,600,000 in Mongolia (2012). 32,300 Dariganga, 20,400 Darkhat. Total users in all countries: 2,626,590.



Language Maps
Language Status

1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Constitution, Article 8(1)).


Halh (Khalkha), Dariganga, Khotogoit, Sartul, Tsongol, Darkhat (Darhad, Darkhad). A member of macrolanguage Mongolian [mon].


SOV; postpositions; noun head final; no articles; case-marking (7 cases); passives; tense and aspect; causatives; 29 consonants, 14 vowels, 4 diphthongs; non-tonal; stress on first syllable or long vowel; vowel harmony; evidentiality.

Language Use

Vigorous. All domains. All ages.

Language Development
Taught in all schools. Taught in primary and secondary schools. Poetry. Magazines. Newspapers. New media. Radio programs. TV. Videos. Dictionary. Grammar. Bible: 2003.

Braille script [Brai]. Cyrillic script [Cyrl]. Mongolian script [Mong], used prior to 1941 with a resurgence since the 1990s. Phags-pa script [Phag], no longer in use. Tibetan script [Tibt], no longer in use.

Other Comments

Buddhist, traditional religion.

Also spoken in:

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