L1 users: 2,600,000 (2012). 32,300 Dariganga, 20,400 Darkhat. Total users in all countries: 2,626,590.
1 (National). Statutory national language (1992, Constitution, Article 8(1)).
Halh (Khalkha), Dariganga, Khotogoit, Sartul, Tsongol, Darkhat (Darhad, Darkhad). A member of macrolanguage Mongolian [mon].
SOV; postpositions; noun head final; no articles; case-marking (7 cases); passives; tense and aspect; causatives; 29 consonants, 14 vowels, 4 diphthongs; non-tonal; stress on first syllable or long vowel; vowel harmony; evidentiality.
Vigorous. All domains. All ages.
Buddhist, traditional religion.