240,000 in India (2001 census). Population total all countries: 241,580.
Primarily Jharkhand, Ranchi district, Simdega subdivision, Thethaitangar Anchal and Kolebira Anchal in Khunti subdivision; West Singhbhum, East Singhbhum, Chhattisgarh, Raigarh, Jashpur, Durg, Bilaspur, and Raipur districts; Odisha, Sundargarh, Sambalpur, and Mayurbhanj districts; Assam; Tripura; West Bengal; Andaman and Nicobar Islands. Dhelki dialect mainly in Jashpur, northwest Gangpur (Raigarh) and Sundargarh; Dudh dialect is east and south, in southern Ranchi, Gangpur (Raigarh) and western Sambalpur. Also in Nepal.
Dhelki Kharia, Dudh Kharia, Mirdha-Kharia.
A Scheduled Tribe in Bihar, Madhya Pradesh, Odisha, West Bengal. A Scheduled Caste in Tripura. Christian, Hindu.