Khvarshi

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A language of Russian Federation

Alternate Names
Atl’ilqo, Khvarsh, Khvarshin, Xvarshi, Xvarshik
Population

1,740 (2010 census). 1,000 Inxokvari speakers (Salminen 2007). Ethnic population: 4,000 (2014 NCRP).

Location

Dagestan republic: Tsumadinsky district, Khonokh, Khvarshi, Kvantlada, Inkhokvari, and Santlada villages.

Language Status

6b (Threatened).

Dialects

Xvarshi proper, Inxokvari (Inkhokvari).

Language Use

Some young people, all adults, 50%–60% of children speak Khvarshi. Positive attitudes. Also use Russian [rus]. Also use Avar [ava], as a literary language.

Language Development

Dictionary.

Writing

Unwritten [Qaax].

Other Comments

Traditional territory and way of life. Sometimes Xvarshi and Inxokvari are treated as two separate languages. Muslim.

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